Thomas Dugan was a cousin of Harry Northwood. He came to America from England a few months prior to Cousin Harry's arrival. They both worked as glass etchers at the Hobbs-Brockunier Glass factory in Wheeling, West Virginia in 1882. When Harry Northwood formed his first Northwood Glass Company in 1887 in Ohio, the Dugan family moved with him and worked there. When Harry moved his Northwood operation to Pennsylvania in 1892, the Dugans moved with him again. The last move with Harry seems to be in 1896 when Harry Northwood purchased the old Indiana Glass Company in Indiana, PA. In 1899, this Northwood Glass Company was purchased by the National Glass Company. Problems arose and Harry Northwood returned to Wheeling, WV to form the H. Northwood Company in the empty factory of his former employer. Thomas Dugan remained in charge of the Indiana, PA glass plant which still operated under the name of Northwood Works of The National Glass Company. In 1904, the Dugans, with the help of other investors, purchased the Indiana, PA glass plant and the Dugan Glass Company was finally born.
In 1909, the Dugan Glass Company followed the Fenton lead and started producing carnival glass. For 4 years, the Dugan Co. enjoyed a great deal of success and introduced designs like the Farmyard bowls, Butterfly & Tulip, Wishbone & Spades, Four Flowers, Wreathed Cherry, Apple Blossom Twigs and Persian Gardens to name a few. The bulk of the carnival was made in marigold, amethyst, peach opal and white. Dugan produced the majority of the peach opal and VERY little green carnival. Dugan produced some cobalt blue but not in large quantities.
It is unclear why Thomas Dugan left the Dugan Glass Company in 1913. But he left and the company was renamed the Diamond Glass Company. The Diamond Glass Company produced carnival for over 17 years after Thomas Dugan left but the patterns they created are credited to Dugan. They introduced patterns such as Stork in the Rushes, Peacock at the Fountain, Windflower, Double Stemmed Rose, Weeping Cherry, Pony and Golden Harvest, to name a few. They continued to produce carnival in various quantities until 1931. In 1931 there was a major fire that severely damaged the Diamond Glass Company and it was never rebuilt.
Some Popular Dugan Shapes & Patterns
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